work

Note to Employers: Terminate with Care

termiante-with-care

If a company has to fire an employee, it should do so with care. One of the most important practices for the company is that the employee should be paid his or her final pay by the time of termination. The employment agreement agreement should be reviewed to make sure that all amounts due to the employee are paid on the termination date.

The employee should also be reminded of the obligation to keep the employer’s proprietary information and trade secrets confidential and should be required to return all company proprietary and information before leaving. An exit interview may be used to remind the employee of continuing obligations not to use or disclosure confidential information, collect all company property, and explain exist compensation and benefits issue.

Further, when a high-level or complaining employee is terminated, we recommend entering into a written separation agreement. Generally, severance should not be paid to the employee without obtaining a signed release of all claims as part of the agreement.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://payablaw.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

How Long of A Meal Period Are You Entitled To?

meal-period

According to California law, an employer may not employ an employee for a work period of more than five hours per day without providing the employee with a meal period of no less than 30 minutes. However, if the total work period day of the employee is no more than 6 hours, the meal period may be waived by mutual consent of both the employee and the employer.

A second meal period of not less than 30 minutes is required if an employee works more than 10 hours per day. However, if the total hours worked is no more than 12 hours, the second meal period may be waived by mutual consent of both the employee and the employer only if the first meal period was not waived.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been deprived of your meal period? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

All You Need to Know About Rest Periods

rest-period
California law requires that employers allow employees to take a 10-minute paid rest period for every 4 hours worked. The rest period should be given in the middle of the work period as is practicable. If the circumstances of the work prevent the employer from giving the break at the preferred time, the employee must still receive the required break, but may take it another point in the work period.

It is not permissible to choose to work through both of your rest periods so that you can leave your job 20 minutes early or arrive late.

If an employer does not authorize or permit a rest period, the employer must pay the employee one hour of pay at the employee’s regular rate of pay for each workday that the rest period is not provided.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been deprived of your rest periods? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

Employees with Diabetes: What You Need to Know

diabetes

Nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes and an estimated 79 million adults have pre-diabetes. Employees with diabetes are covered by the American with Disabilities Act (ADA) which prohibits disability discrimination in the workplace. Diabetes is a physical impairment that limits major life activities, and thus meets the ADA definition of disability.

In fact, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has made it clear that diabetes should be a covered disability under the ADA. Diabetes can limit major life activities, such as caring for oneself, seeing, walking, eating, and standing.

Accommodations for employees with diabetes are usually minimal, easy to accomplish, and require little or no cost to the employer. Reasonable accommodations include: breaks to check blood glucose levels and treat by taking medicating or eating, ability to keep diabetes supplies and food nearby, opportunity to work a modified schedule, and opportunity to leave for treatment of diabetes.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work because of diabetes? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

What Is Age Discrimination?

Beautiful Ageing face eyes

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) protects employees who are 40 years of age or older from employment discrimination based on age. The ADEA protection applies to employers with 20 or more employees and applies to both employees and job applicants. The law forbids discrimination when it comes to any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, fringe benefits, and any other term or condition of employment.

Harassment of employees on the basis of age is also unlawful discrimination. Harassment can include offensive remarks about a person’s age. Although the law doesn’t prohibit simple teasing, offhand comments, or isolated incidents that aren’t very serious, harassment is illegal when it is so frequent or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment or when it results in an adverse employment decision, such as the victim being fired or demoted.

The harasser can be the employee’s supervisor, a co-worker, or someone who is not an employee of the employer, such as a client or customer.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work based on your age? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

5 Fundamental Rules to Know About Travel Pay

travel-pay

Travel pay disputes, including business trips and mandatory off-site training to commuting time, waiting time, and on-call time, are the center of many employment lawsuits.

Here are 5 basic rules to understanding travel pay:

1. Commuting time from an employee’s regular place of work each day is not work time, so employers do not have to pay employees for this time.
2. If an employee spend time traveling to a location for a special assignment, or spends significant travel time for an emergency outside normal work hours, that time spent traveling during regular work hours is considered part of principal job duties. Travel in these circumstances or outside of normal work hours is compensable work time.
3. If an employee reports to a central location to pick up equipment before proceeding to his or her assigned worksite, the time spent traveling to the central location is not work time. The time spent traveling to the assigned worksite is work time.
4. Overnight travel or travel away from home is always work time under California law. Under federal law, it is work time only when it cuts across the employee’s normal workday and/or requires the employee to work on weekends or days when he or she would not otherwise be required to work.
5. Regular meal periods and time spent sleeping or in other leisure activities while traveling is not work time, and the employer does not have to pay the employee for this time.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Questions about your rights at the workplace? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/

What rights do I have pertaining to my personnel files and records at work?

personnel-file

California law provides that current and former employees (or a representative) have the right to inspect and receive a copy of the personnel files and records that relate to the employee’s performance or to any grievance concerning the employee. Inspections must not be later than 30 days from the date the employer receives a written request. Upon a written request, the employer needs to provide a copy of the personal records, at a charge not more than the actual cost of reproduction.

To facilitate inspection, employer must do all of the following:
1. Maintain a copy of each employee’s personnel records for no less than 3 years.
2. Make a current/former employee’s personnel records available, and if requested, provide a copy at the place where the employee reports to work or at another location agreeable to the employer and the requester.

However, by law, the right to inspect does NOT apply to: records relating to the investigation of a possible criminal offense, letters of reference, and ratings, reports, or records that were obtained prior to employment or obtained in connection with a promotional examination.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Questions about your rights at the workplace? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/

How Does the Reasonable Accommodation Process Work?

Image

In the second part of a two-part series, we will explain how the Reasonable Accommodation process works.

In general, the reasonable accommodation requirement starts when the employer learns of the employee’s need for a change and that the need is related to a medical condition. The employee does not have to expressly say the words “I need a reasonable accommodation for my disability.” The employee simply needs to make a request for a change that will allow him or her to perform the essential job functions, and it needs to be noted that the request is due to a medical condition.

After an employer gets a request for a reasonable accommodation, the next step is to use an interactive process to determine whether the request will be granted. This process requires an interaction between the employer and employee to determine what reasonable accommodations the employer may be able to provide. This process does not have to be formal or even in writing. However, it may be best for the employer to document the interactions. The interactive process should clarify the individual’s needs and assess what accommodations might meet those needs.

The employer and employee may discuss possibilities of reasonable accommodations. Then the employer assesses which alternative might work best. Of course the employee should have input. However, the employee’s first choice of accommodation does not have to be the final selection if the employer can offer an alternative that still allows the employee to perform the essential functions of the job.

Note, the only reason an employer can deny a reasonable accommodation request is if it would present an undue hardship on the employer. An undue hardship could be financial, or it could mean that it is too disruptive to implement. However, the undue hardship standard is a very high threshold to cross. It takes into account the finances and performance of the company. That said, an employer is not obligated to remove essential job functions either. If the employee is unable to perform essential job functions and no reasonable accommodation exists, that employee may no longer be qualified to perform the job.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

What is Reasonable Accommodation and How Does the Process Work?

Image

In a two-part series, we will explain what Reasonable Accommodation is and how the process works.

Part I – What is Reasonable Accommodation?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires employers to not discriminate against qualified individuals with disabilities. It also requires that those individuals should be given reasonable accommodations to allow them to perform the essential functions of the job, as long as doing so does not create an undue hardship for the employer.

Reasonable accommodation could be any change in the work environment or in the way things are customarily done that allows an individual with a disability to enjoy equal employment opportunities. This includes changes to: the job application process, the work environment, the manner or circumstances under which the job is performed, or other areas that allow an employee with a disability to have equal benefits and privileges as other employees.

In practice, this can mean any number of things and is dependent on the specific situation for each employee. It is up to the employer to discuss options with the applicant or employee to determine what options might work.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in disability discrimination cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, disability discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.
Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work based on your disability? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

Sexual Harassment Outside of Work

Image

Sexual harassment is not only prohibited at work but it also applies outside of work. Illegal sexual harassment can occur outside of work or at social events. Sexual harassment is also prohibited via written, oral, electronic, and all other forms of communication, including social networking. Further, nonemployees, such as customers, clients, patients, contractors, vendors, and suppliers may be liable for sexual harassment. Also, employers could be held liable for sexual harassment if it is done by a third party, i.e., vendors, clients, against their employees if they are placed on notice and if they fail to stop it.

Read More: http://goo.gl/F1qRgH

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.