reasonable accommodation

How Does the Reasonable Accommodation Process Work?

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In the second part of a two-part series, we will explain how the Reasonable Accommodation process works.

In general, the reasonable accommodation requirement starts when the employer learns of the employee’s need for a change and that the need is related to a medical condition. The employee does not have to expressly say the words “I need a reasonable accommodation for my disability.” The employee simply needs to make a request for a change that will allow him or her to perform the essential job functions, and it needs to be noted that the request is due to a medical condition.

After an employer gets a request for a reasonable accommodation, the next step is to use an interactive process to determine whether the request will be granted. This process requires an interaction between the employer and employee to determine what reasonable accommodations the employer may be able to provide. This process does not have to be formal or even in writing. However, it may be best for the employer to document the interactions. The interactive process should clarify the individual’s needs and assess what accommodations might meet those needs.

The employer and employee may discuss possibilities of reasonable accommodations. Then the employer assesses which alternative might work best. Of course the employee should have input. However, the employee’s first choice of accommodation does not have to be the final selection if the employer can offer an alternative that still allows the employee to perform the essential functions of the job.

Note, the only reason an employer can deny a reasonable accommodation request is if it would present an undue hardship on the employer. An undue hardship could be financial, or it could mean that it is too disruptive to implement. However, the undue hardship standard is a very high threshold to cross. It takes into account the finances and performance of the company. That said, an employer is not obligated to remove essential job functions either. If the employee is unable to perform essential job functions and no reasonable accommodation exists, that employee may no longer be qualified to perform the job.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

What is Reasonable Accommodation and How Does the Process Work?

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In a two-part series, we will explain what Reasonable Accommodation is and how the process works.

Part I – What is Reasonable Accommodation?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires employers to not discriminate against qualified individuals with disabilities. It also requires that those individuals should be given reasonable accommodations to allow them to perform the essential functions of the job, as long as doing so does not create an undue hardship for the employer.

Reasonable accommodation could be any change in the work environment or in the way things are customarily done that allows an individual with a disability to enjoy equal employment opportunities. This includes changes to: the job application process, the work environment, the manner or circumstances under which the job is performed, or other areas that allow an employee with a disability to have equal benefits and privileges as other employees.

In practice, this can mean any number of things and is dependent on the specific situation for each employee. It is up to the employer to discuss options with the applicant or employee to determine what options might work.

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm with more than 17 years of experience in disability discrimination cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, disability discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.
Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work based on your disability? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

American with Disabilities Act: Reasonable Accommodations Only Need to Be Offered Upon Request

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An important court decision recently confirmed that an employer has no duty to offer reasonable accommodations to an employee with a disability until the employee specifically requests an accommodation. That’s true even when the employer is aware of the employee’s disability.

To establish an American with Disabilities Act (ADA) claim, an employee must show that he or she:
1. Has a disability as defined by the ADA,
2. Is qualified, with or without a reasonable accommodation, to perform the functions of his job, and
3. Suffered discrimination because of his disability.

The court found that before an employee can be deemed “not qualified” for his job, the employer must take an effort to accommodate his disability. However, the employee has a duty to request a reasonable accommodation. An employer is not required to offer an accommodation, even though he knows the employee is disabled under the ADA. The court stated that “it is not the employer’s responsibility to anticipate the employee’s needs and affirmatively offer accommodation.”

In making a request for an accommodation, the employee need not utter any magic words, nor must he say that he is request a reasonable accommodation. Furthermore, the request need not be in writing. However, the employee must make clear that he wants assistance for his disability. Also, the employee must be clear that he needs an accommodation for his disability.

PRACTICAL ADVISE: If you think you may need reasonable accommodation for your disability at your workplace, let your employer know as soon as possible.

Read More: http://goo.gl/8iIsz2

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

Is Obesity Considered a Disability?

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The short answer is yes. Recently, the American Medical Association (AMA) has declared obesity to be a disease. This has implications for employers, since obesity may now also be considered a disability in certain circumstances.

Given the broader definition of disability under the ADA Amendments Act, many persons who have been diagnosed for obesity as a disease may well fall within the definition of being currently or actually disabled. The question will be: does that person’s obesity substantially limit one or more major life functions? If the answer is yes, then the employer’s obesity may be considered a disability. Given that endocrine system function is one example that could be affected for someone who is obese, likely the answer will be yes based on this alone.

What Does it Mean for Employers if Obesity is a Disability?
One of the biggest ramifications is that the ADA will now prohibit discrimination against an applicant or employee because of his or her obesity. It will also mean that employers will be required to make reasonable accommodations to allow employees who are obese to perform essential job functions. And it will also prohibit retaliation against obese individuals requesting reasonable accommodation for obesity.

Read More: http://goo.gl/xYs9eA

The Law Offices of Payab & Associates is a Los Angeles based law firm founded by David Payab, Esq., with more than 17 years of experience in employment cases. Our office has successfully litigated many complex disputes including wrongful termination, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, wage and labor disputes, and retaliation cases.

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit http://employmentlawyersla.com/ if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.

Prohibited Employer Actions under ADA and FEHA

If you are an employer, you should be familiar with American with Disabilities Act (ADA) and California’s Fair Housing and Employment Act (FEHA). Said acts ensure that disabled employees are not discriminated against in the workplace. So what do these two acts entail?

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Under the ADA and FEHA an employer cannot:

  • Fail to make a reasonable accommodation for someone with a disability.
  • Use qualification standards, employment tests, or other selection criteria that screens out or tends to screen out individuals with disabilities.
  • Have a policy with an adverse effect on people with disabilities, even if that was not the intent of the policy. One example is when a policy states that an employee who has an absence from work after exhausting all leave options will be terminated, without exception. This is illegal since disabled individuals may require further accommodation.
  • Retaliate against an individual because that person opposes an employer act or a practice that is unlawful.
  • Ask a job applicant whether she or he is an individual with a disability.
  • Ask a job applicant about any job-related injuries or workers’ compensation history.
  • Force an applicant to take a pre-offer medical examination or psychological examination.

Read more at: http://goo.gl/FMuc0L

Are you or anyone you know been discriminated at work? Contact the Law Offices of Payab & Associates @ (800) 401-4466 or visit EmploymentLawyersLA.com if you have any questions regarding your rights at the workplace.